The Great Lakes Research Journal

In-depth reviews of issues and challenges facing Central Africa – ISSN: 1554-0391

Current Archives: Volume 2 – December 2006.

Abstract

Sub-Saharan Africa has been plague with a wide range of misfortunes over several decades including drought, deforestation, and famine. In this paper we review some of the remedies to these issues by advocating the planting of Acacia Albida. A. albida occurs in a wide range of habitats, ranging from alluvial soils of perennial or seasonal watercourses to open savanna woodland and cultivated lands. Its important characteristic is that it drops its leaves during the rainy season. Crops can be grown under the canopy during the rainy season, where the soil has been fertilized by the nitrogen-rich leaf litter. Additionally, leaves provide fodder for animals during the dry season. A. albida can also be used in watershed management, erosion control, development of agroforestry and silvopastoral systems, and the establishment or restoration of Wildlife habitat.

Keywords: Sub-Saharan Africa, Drought, Acacia Albida, Agro-pastoral and Edaphic Capabilities

As an important center of copper industry in southernmost Katanga, Likasi nowadays has been hard struck by the economic crisis. In contrast to the demographic stagnation of the city, a process of return to farming started which was first restricted to the surrounding-urban space. The farms, vestiges of the master key colonial, collapsed with the Zairianisation of 1973; since then, their level of activity has been extremely low, even though they still contribute to supply the urban market with corn. Surrounding villages result from the old rural districts of the extra-traditional center, and their population is mainly non-native. The most important village, Luambo, is a large borough inhabited mainly by farmers, an important agricultural market, and an administrative center which is somewhat in the process of urbanization.

Urban agriculture has improved over the last several years: gardening within lots, valley farming, and especially corn, beans, and manioc of within near-urban open spaces. New ways of assistance have been come out, dependent in particular upon action by religious organizations, such as the co-operative Shalamo, or that of the camp Gecamines in Panda. At the same time, the near hinterland is being repopulated, as that had already been the case, in particular during the great crisis.

Massive exodus of former townsmen who recolonized the “bush” of the mining country; the hamlet of coalmen pushed back the forest, the new villages of farm are organized around the stations and of the religion centers, and the centers of chiefdoms, such as Kapolowe, Mulungwishi or Katanga.Projecting the city into its hinterland, a feeder zone is being formed, original answer brought by city dwellers to a food shortage caused by the deficiency of the official circuits, and more generally to the apparently irreversible degradation of the quality of the urban life.

Keywords: Agriculture, near-urban space, food crisis, people’s initiatives, return to the farm, Democratic Republic of Congo, Likasi.


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